otok (Naked Island) or as
it is known “The Croatian
Alcatraz” is one of the best known and
most infamous prisons in Europe following the Second World War, which opened in
1948 and closing in 1988. Even though during the First World War, Russian
prisoners were incarcerated on the island, the most tragic history of the island
occurred during the period of “Informbiro” between 1949 and 1958, when political
prisoners, the opponents of the then Tito communist regime and followers of the
Stalinist regime were imprisoned and tortured.
According to statistics, some 16,000
prisoners experienced the Goli otok hell (of which approximately 400 lost their
lives due to exhaustion and disease), while at times there were over 3,500
prisoners residing in the prison at any one time. At the Goli otok, extreme
punishment was applied aimed at making the prisoner lose his personality. At the
same time, prisoners were forced to undertake hard labor in rock quarries,
various factories…Prior to the arrival of the first prisoners (09/07/1949), the island was
completely bare, whereas the prisoners themselves forested and built the island.
Strong winds in the winter months, and intolerable heat during the summer
months, only added to their already difficult destiny.
n 1950 Camp R-5 was constructed in the Senjska cove
where women carried out their sentences – political prisoners, while from 1958
Goli otok begins to receive other categories of prisoners (criminals…), once the
regime had become somewhat more tolerable.Escaping from the Goli otok was almost impossible (strict supervision, strong
sea currents, distance from the mainland…), and all this occurred under the veil
of the greatest secrecy, so that the truth only now began to see the light of
day. In 1989, administration of the Goli otok was undertaken by the then
Municipality of Rab, HTP Imperial and GP Jedinstvo, with the island reorganized
as a tourist destination, while in 1992 the island was closed due to the war
resulting in years of devastation and abandonment.